Africa Tours and Safaris
Travel Advice for Visitors to Zambia

Passport and visa requirements
The passport should be valid for a minimum of 6 months after your intended departure date and have at least 2 blank pages. Zambia does not recognise dual nationality.  So it is important to be able to produce a passport bearing the exit stamp from the country from which you have traveled. Visa requirements change fairly regularly so it is advisable to check with your Consulate or Embassy. The Zambian Government have decided that they will no longer be offering a visa waiver for those pre-booking safaris in Zambia and that travelers will have to pay for their visas either before or on arrival in Zambia.

Currency in Zambia
Zambia's currency is the Zambian kwacha (ZMK). Camps usually charge in pounds or American dollars. Credit cards are accepted by many, although most of them are subjected to a surcharge. Most visitors heading out on safari don't get any Kwacha in advance of their arrival in Zambia.

Food and drinks
The local Zambian cuisine is based on nshima; cooked porridge made from ground maize, served with tasty meat or dried fish. The local beers such as Mosi, Castle and Rhino are good, as are imported South African beers and wines. Soft drinks are available everywhere, although choices are often limited.

Zambia is a tropical country and several vaccines are sensible (typhoid, polio, hepatitis, tetanus and possibly meningitis C). Malaria is common; you should take antimalarials. Always check the latest recommendations with your doctor or travel clinic, and perhaps see the Scottish NHS website for more useful travel information on Zambia. HIV infection rates are high; AIDS is prevalent here. This isn't usually an issue for travellers, but they should be aware of the situation, and take the same sensible precautions to avoid infection which are wise in most countries.

Zambia's official language is English, which is spoken by most people. There are also more than 70 different dialects spoken in Zambia and the major common being Bemba which is also for administration and education.

As far as personal safety is concerned, one could easily hitchhike alone throughout the country without a problem. Theft however is rife in the bigger towns and cities. Don’t walk around with things you can’t do without, like your passport or airline tickets. Carry minimum amounts of cash and keep it hidden or in a money belt and if possible, don’t leave your car unattended. This is less of a problem in the rural areas.

A yellow fever certificate is mandatory if you are traveling from an infected area. Vaccinations for cholera, tetanus and yellow fever are advised. Malaria is virulent in the low lying areas of the country which include most of the good wildlife destinations. Take prophylactics two weeks before arrival and continue two weeks after leaving. Your chemist or doctor can advise you of the most suitable drug available as certain drugs lose their effectiveness. Tap water in the major towns is purified and perfectly safe to drink. In the more remote areas always boil it first, except if you’re staying at a lodge or hotel where drinking water is boiled already. Bottled water is readily available in the bigger towns.

When to visit Zambia
 Zambia’s three distinctive seasons provide visitors with different perspectives depending on the time of year. The Luangwa Valley is best for game viewing during the dry season from June to October, but the rainy season, with its spectacular profusion of greens and reds changes the landscape dramatically and the bird population increase with the arrival of migrants from the north. The Victoria Falls are at their most spectacular between April and May after the rainy season but often the spray is so thick it is difficult to see the full width of the falls. To appreciate the magnificent rock formations and gorges, it is just as interesting to come when the water is low at the end of the dry season from October to December. Kafue National Park is best from May to October as is the Lower Zambezi. Ideal road traveling months are April to September as the heat is at its most bearable.









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