Africa Tours and Safaris
National Parks in Mozambique

Three mainland national parks occur in Mozambique, namely the Gorongosa, the Zinave and the Banhine. Bazaruto National Park is situated off-shore and, at present, is the main attraction for visitors to the country. Both Zinave and Banine parks are still closed, while the infrastructure of the reopened Gorongoza National Park is extremely limited. Five wildlife reserves occur, namely Niassa, Marromeu, Pomene, Maputo and Gile. Only the Niassa and Maputo Elephant Reserve are open to tourists. Various other Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCA’s), which will include the use and management of local communities, are in the pipeline to be opened. Such areas include linking the Maputo Elephant Reserve with South Africa’s Tembe Elephant Reserve, the Chimanimani National Park incorporating Zimbabwe, and the Gaza TFCA, which encompasses South Africa’s Kruger National Park and Zimbabwe’s Gonarezhou National Park.

Fauna

Although most large mammal populations were exterminated during the war period, some 200 mammal species, 170 reptile and 40 amphibian species occur. In most places recovery of animal populations is slow at best; an example of which being the drastically reduced Elephant numbers in the Gorongoza National Park, where 3,000 animals occurred before the war compared to 120 that occur there now. Similar are the Buffalo population numbers which were 14,000 strong before the war and reduced to zero by 1994. About 600 bird species have been identified in Mozambique with efforts under way to fully document the numbers. As for marine life, mammals include the Spinner, Bottlenose, Humpback and Striped dolphins plus the endangered Dugong. Leather backed, Loggerhead, Green, Hawksbill and Olive Ridley turtles occur along the coastline and whales such as the Humpback use the calm waters as breeding grounds during the winter months. Endangered species include the Black Rhino, Giraffe, Tsessebe, Roan antelope and African Wild Dog. Additional notables include the African Rock python, the Wattled Crane and most notably, the Dugong, which occurs in marine estuarine habitats.

 

 

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